Yes more dyeing and this time from a bag of sunflowers that Isabelle picked on her walk back from the gym. (Technically she stole these flowers… proof that she isn’t so “perfect”) While “googling”, I have seen many different colors coming from different types of sunflowers so I was curious as to what color I would get. (yes that is a subtle way of getting you to read or at least look at the rest of this post… admit it… you are wondering what color I will get too)
I first thought about only using the pedals and plucked them off into a pot(this pot is a big mistake… you will learn about that later) Sunflower pedals are covered in sticky “guck” (can’t think of a better word) and all of the plucking made my fingers yellow and sticky.
After watching the water a bit I notice I was only getting a pale yellow and well I didn’t feel “yellow” so I decided to throw all of the rest of the flower parts in. (Geez… I didn’t have to pluck). The water turned an orange brown and well I didn’t feel like this either. I decided to play with PH. Making it more base made it turn to an ugly color of “gray/beige”. I tried adding vinegar and this made it turn a red orange. I kind of liked this color but you never know… with all of the dye experiment I have done lately I know that you can never trust the color of the water to predict the end result.
I decided that I had best do “trail” first. I dropped some cotton yarn in and it didn’t come out the expected color. (I will show you the color later) I decided that I would try the wool and hope that it wasn’t too ugly… You can see the wool in the dye bath above and I like the color of the water in any case.
Here is the wool out of the dye and it is definitely not the same color as the cotton trail… how confusing. I can’t imagine that cotton and wool would come out so different. I then noticed that the cotton strings that I tied the wool up were the same color as the wool.
Here are the two together… weird huh. I then took a closer look at the wool and noticed small parts of the yarn were green. After some thinking… I finally figured out the problem. The pot I used was not my typical “non-reactive” one and the trial cotton yarn sunk to the bottom and touched the pot. The wool floated and didn’t touch the metal of the pot with the exception of some small areas. Any part that touched the pot metal turned the greenish color while the parts that didn’t turned the rose color.
Here is the finished yarn next to the original color. Ben told me it was cool and it was “skin” color. Isabelle told me she didn’t like it. (the French harsh way… I think she said “that is an ugly color”) I like the color and I learned to be careful when choosing what pot to use to dye my yarn.
My enthrallment with natural dyes again preoccupied my weekend. (Do you ever write a sentence and then think… I would never say that… why did I write it?… read the first sentence again and try to imagine anyone honestly saying that). Let me “type” here what I would actually say….
I dyed wool again this weekend with pieces of orange wood… Logwood to be more precise. I know it sounds weird and I don’t know why I am obsessed with natural dyes. All I can say it this time I got an incredibly awesome color. You can see in my feature picture the end result knitted into a scarf. This scarf is an oddly stripped scarf comprised of all of my odd dyeing experiments. (except the snails)
I hope to add Indigo and Walnut hulls. I will take a picture of the scarf when it is done.
I bought the logwood from Etsy and it was shipped all the way from Germany. (I had not paid attention to the seller’s location). I find this a bit amusing since Logwood is native to southern Mexico and Central America. Isn’t it amazing how small the world has become and think about the trip these little pieces of wood went on.
Logwood was an important source for dye from the 17th – 19th century… Not sure why it isn’t any longer other than maybe we are too “advanced” to use it anymore. In the picture above you can see that the orange wood when added to water turned the water a blood red. I imagine it is this property that sparked the idea to use it as a dye. (for those who read my post on snail dye… this wood does not smell putrid like the snail gland dye… Isabelle was much more happy)
I soaked the wood for 3-4 hours… It was recommended to soak over night but the small size of the wood along with dense rich color told me that the dye bath was ready to simmer. (I also became inpatient… )
You know what? I find it completely fascinating that I start with orange wood which turns water to blood red and then ends up coloring the wool purple. Revisiting the process through this post and pictures still captivates me. (I know you are probably thinking I need to watch more TV… )
Here is the wool in it’s original state in a pot of alum mordant (22 grams of alum with 1 gallon of water… I read that it needed more alum… not sure why). While the wool was being prepared to “take” the dye I simmered the wood water.
The blood water darkened and the wood itself turned almost black. I strained the mixture to get all of the pieces of wood out. I think this is very important because from the texture of the wood I imagine it would have snagged itself into the wool and become a nightmare to remove. (Imagine getting splinters while spinning wool)
I added the wool and well I started to doubt the color. It looks like something I should display for Halloween… (you know entrails freshly removed… although it smelt nicer). I left the wool in for 40 minutes. (Maybe too long… I didn’t want such a dark color)
Here is the wool hanging to dry. I use to become disappointed when the dye was uneven but now I pretend to have done this with intent. You can see the rich dark purplish blue and the lighter lavender sections. To be honest I wanted the lighter color… but was hoping that the color would lighten once dry. I rinsed several times but it seemed that the color just became more and more intense.
I hand spun a portion of the wool… (I am still waiting for my spinning wheel). I re-washed the wool… dang… still dark purple.
I mentioned that the color was not even and in the past how this would annoy me. Now I appreciate the varied hues and intensities and the richness it adds to the yarn as it is plied.
Here you can see some 2 ply yarn and if you look closely you can see the different shades of purple. This is the yarn I used to knit the newest stripe in my scarf of many colors. I showed Isabelle and all she stated is that it is a different color to add to the scarf… very bright and contrasting. This is a big moment in my marriage… you see she is French and in the past she would have just said… “Wow that looks horrible together”. She has now adopted the subtle American style of hinting criticism. This excites me since it means that I can foster a healthy bit of denial and think she meant it is awesome.
Here again is the scarf… you can see the variations of purple. What do you think? (remember I am in aesthetic denial… don’t ruin it for me)… hey isn’t my knitting getting better.. (still manly… but much better)
I am home! OH…. It is very nice to be home with my family. I wanted to celebrate (maybe that is too strong of a word) my return by dying wool with snails. (I loved this celebration… but it’s awesomeness was not felt by my wife… explanation soon to follow)This post will be about snail dying inspired from my visit to Jerusalem… and I promise to get to that as soon as I empty myself of the lasts bits of Israel trip talk.
Here are some random pictures taken from my trip.
I had to share this sign with you… (near my hotel in Ra’anana). I am only familiar with the slang version of this word… and with that said what does the “& more” mean?
I had hummus again and am really starting to like it. (Still feels like adult baby food) I tried this Israeli Soda (don’t know the name.. actually you see the name but that doesn’t help me). I was told that it was like root beer… and well… it is not at all like root beer. This soda is made from wheat and I can best describe the flavor as a cross between cream soda and Postum… (probably not helpful if you haven’t had Postum) Is this available anywhere in the USA? If you have tried this do you like it?… I am still on the fence. (Maybe it is a “like after several tries” type of drink) Last random picture is one I found while wandering around the office. This was a paper taped to a wall. (I didn’t follow the instructions… must not be stressed enough)
Let me get to the DYE… and the SNAILS!
Here is some context. In a past post I have shown the markets in Jerusalem (Jerusalem Street Markets) I didn’t show the Jewish quarter which became the highlight of the trip.
I love local artisanal products and if you want something authentic from Jerusalem this is the area to shop. (You can’t trust anything in the street markets…) I came across this loom while wandering around (I want one of these so bad) and then found what became my favorite shop in Jerusalem.
Here is the entrance to The Fifth Quarter: Gallery • Studio • Store. They claim to be the “Largest” in Jerusalem but I don’t think size matters… (at least I hope it doesn’t) I decided to wander in and look for a Yarmulke for Ben (my 7 year old son who had asked for the small Jewish hat. He had seen this worn by a co-worker visiting the US.) They were very friendly and helped me pick one out for Ben. This is a “must go” shop while in Jerusalem. Please visit this store… I promise you will be delighted. (I am not getting paid to write that… hmm wonder if they would pay me… would demand goods not money)
Here is there Facebook page and trip advisor page:
There are some amazing local items in the store… some actually being created inside. All of the items are marked with a price and it is the actual price… no haggling needed. This can be a nice break from all of the bargaining one must do in the other markets in Jerusalem. While wandering around I came across this fish tank. (I should probably call it a “snail tank”)
While I have heard of Tyrian Purple a beautiful dye made from snails… I had not heard of this dye made from a snail belonging to the same family. Tyrian purple is probably the most expensive dye in the world (and incredibly beautiful). You can purchase it here for $1,015 per 250 mg… which is about $115,098 per ounce. I have yearned (that is the right word… you could even go as far as saying “deep yearning”) to dye something with this snail based dye but I could not talk Isabelle into letting me spend that much money.
Right before me… To my overwhelming excitement was a display for a less expensive snail based dye. (Live snails and all) I started to salivate… um… this was not because of my French family connection. The incredibly kind/patient store manager explained that several years back these snails were discovered to be the source for the “Tekhelet” dye. Tekhelet was the biblical blue dye used to dye the veils in the temple and priest garments. He explained that “we” had lost our way and should have been using one blue thread in our tsitsit. I had no idea what he was talking about. I had explained several times that I was not Jewish but I don’t think he believed me. He pulled his tsitsits out (wow that does not sound appropriate) and showed me the blue cords. Tsitsits are the cords tied to the four corners of a tallit (prayer shawl) and a tallit kalin (everyday garments). Fascinating huh… Here is a video of how the dye is made
When I looked above the tank of snails I noticed a Tekhelet dye kit. I immediately asked “how much” and was told that they would have to check since “no one had ever asked”. (People can be so dumb) Fortunately it wasn’t too expensive although it was just enough to dye a very small amount of wool… (made for the blue cord on the tsitsit). I mentioned that I wanted this and they seemed generally surprised. They counseled me to just by the tsitsits already made… I said nope… I want the dye kit. They offered to tie the tsitsits after I had dyed the cord in the case I didn’t know how. Very kind… but geez I just wanted to dye something with snail juice.
I bought the kit… and was giddy. I then wondered if I would have problems bringing this back home. Fortunately I had no problems. (I declared the “dye” kit but didn’t say anything about snails)
Here are the steps I used for dyeing the small amount of yarn I spun and the small amount of wool that came with the kit. (the kit only had enough dye for one cup of water. The kit had everything pre-measured and clearly marked. I will be sharing those instructions)
The kit came with a warning to do this in a well ventilated place or outside. It was 5:00 am when I started (jet lag) so I thought… hmm… kitchen should be ok… I do have a range hood if needed. Isabelle immediately woke up saying that the snail smell is the worse thing she has every smelled… much… much worse than any of my previous dye experiments. (She told me to make sure I put that “warning” into the blog). She complained the entire day. I thought that she was exaggerating but Gwen (my second oldest daughter) said it was worse than Ben’s farts… then followed up with… “it smells like rotten fish mixed with Ben’s farts”.
Step 1: Put the dried snail stuff in the supplied beaker. (notice that there is not much and while the color looks black it really is a deep purple… and it does smell)
Step 2: Add sodium carbonate (soda ash)
Step 3: Add 1 cup of boiling water and stir. The dried snail bits don’t completely dissolve but you can see the purple foam.
Step 4: Add Sodium Dithionite (whatever that is). This should be added slowly since it does fizz a bit
Step 5: Add Citric Acid. This should be added even slower since it fizzes a lot.
Step 6: Divide solution into two parts. One will be exposed to light (kit came with UV light – this produces lighter blue) the other will be placed in darkness (I placed it back into the dye kit box – this produces purplish blue). Add wool and let sit for 20 -40 minutes.
Step 7: Remove from solution and let dry. The instructions mentioned that you can rinse to speed up the effect. The cords came out yellow but turned blue when exposed to the air.
Above is the wool yarn completely dry that was kept in the dark.
Here is the dry yarn exposed to the light… this was also crammed under the wool that came with the kit. (it is a bit uneven)
The wool found in the kit turned out the lightest color of blue. (it was on top of the solution). I spun this wool into a single ply cord along with some regular undyed wool.
I kept thinking of the kind store manager and his insistence on using this blue as part of my tsitsit. After some thinking… I decided that I had best make four titsits because the kit was expressly built for that. After watching several YouTube videos I tied the cords. I followed the most simple method with 10 – 5 – 6 – 5 wrapped knots with square knots in between. I am not certain of all of the significance to this but I admire devotion and all faiths. I hope that I haven’t crossed any religious sensitivity boundaries. (My curiosity often causes me to maybe go to far… ) In any case when I was asked if they were “bracelets” by my children I had an opportunity to talk about another faith and help my children appreciate the rich culture, history, and religion of the Jewish people. I really believe that learning about others leads to tolerance and most importantly love and acceptance.
Here is some pictures of the Tsitsits I created:
Thanks for taking the time to read this… bet you are envious… and who wouldn’t be… dying stuff with snails is awesome. I can’t help but keep asking myself… “how did they come up with this?”
This will be my last post sharing pictures from my Sunday visit to Jerusalem. You can think of this post as a “vacation picture” buffet… lots of stuff all thrown together with the hopes that at least something will be pleasing.
I will start the Western Wall. I hope it is not disrespectful to take pictures of individuals as they pray as it is almost impossible to take a picture without that being the case. I will admit that it adds charm to the pictures. (Boy is that a touristy thing to say) I do have a respect and admiration for individuals with such a devout faith.
Next I went up and visited the Dome of the Rock. If you are not Muslim you are still able to visit but you must come at certain times and enter by a special wood ramp. (See picture below)
When you visit this place you are asked to show respect. A couple from France asked me to take their picture. The man put his arm around his wife and someone ran across the square and let them know that it was ok to take pictures but not ok to touch each other. (This was stated in a very direct way… not mean just direct. I wished they would post the rules before you entered.)
I could feel tension here. I learned that the month before there was a “shootout” at this place and two Israeli police and three gunman were killed. (kind of scary… Here is a link)
Next I visited the Church of the Holy Sepulcher. I learned something new this visit. Here is the entrance. (It is always important to look for details and question what you are seeing)
I looked closer and noticed a ladder near a window. I was travelling with someone that new that this was an important detail. For those who may not know, it is actually significant and has a name. The name is the “Immovable Ladder”. The ladder has been there since the 1700s and cannot be moved unless the 6 Christian groups that claim this area agree on it moving. In 1964 the Pope decided that it should not be moved until the divisions amongst the Christian sects are resolved. (here is a closer look along with pictures from inside)
Last of all I will throw together a bunch of photos taken while walking to the top of the Mount of Olives. It is quite the hike up and if you decide to do this on foot you will have many friendly cab drivers telling you that it is “TOO HARD”. They then out of genuine concern offer you a lift to the top. I am not joking… I was given this same line about five times.
That is all for my Jerusalem photos…. Thanks for stopping by!
This weekend I decided to continue playing around with natural dyes. This time I decided to give red onion skins a try. I have to admit that I am fascinated by natural dyeing techniques. I wonder about the person who thought of trying onion skins to dye stuff. Was he/she weird? or brilliant?… was this an idea generated from careful thought and experimentation? or just a happy accident? What did they dye?
Geek fact…. evidence of textile dyeing has been found all the way back to the Neolithic period (stone age)
I am a red onion dyeing virgin. (That is quite the confession). I have read up on this and have seen pictures. All of which has created this urgent need and excitement. Red onions are magic… and can produce a very surprising color. I was anxious to see if I could get that color (you will have to read or scroll down to see what I was chasing after.)
I bought 5 very large red onions. I only need their skins and you can see that I put the skins in a gallon of water. I have a “non-reactive” pot (at least I think it is) and I threw all caution to the wind (danger is my middle name) and used tap water this time. (Every other time I have bought distilled water to know exactly what I was starting with… no minerals or other stuff that may change the outcome)
I put on the heat and simmered these skins for about and hour. You can see the color is a red brown.
I soaked both single ply wool and regular washed wool in an alum mordant.
Mordant Recipe and Instruction:
1 gallon of water
6 grams of alum
6 grams of tartaric acid
Bring mixture up to a simmer then add wool. (DON’T stir the wool unless you want felt.)
Let this soak for at least one hour.
Rinse wool… again being careful not to turn it into felt. (always add the wool to the water never poor water onto it and keep extreme temperature changes to a minimum)
This mordant process is suppose to help with both the intensity of the color as well as helping to set the color.
I added just the yarn (wet) to the dye and being lazy didn’t remove the onion skins. Ben came by and asked what I was cooking. I had him convinced that I was making cow brains for dinner. (Ben was disgusted and said that he was probably allergic to brains) Doesn’t this look like brains?
I could see it turning a beautiful rosy brown… but that is not the color I wanted. (Rosy brown would be too obvious.)
I decided to play with the pH and see if I could get the color I wanted. I tried baking soda first. Water has a pH of about 7 and baking soda moved it up to around 9. (I have litmus paper). This did the TRICK!!! I don’t have a picture of the solution since I was too excited to remember I was documenting this. (Remember this is my first time) I let the wool simmer for about 40 minutes in the dye bath until I got the intensity I wanted. I then hung the yarn to dry.
HERE IS THE COLOR…
My kids say this color is “diarrhea green” but I think it is more of an avocado green. There is a bit of irony to this.. using red onion skins to get avocado green and in a past experiment I used avocado pits to get a pink (See photo below)
I plied the yarn and then decided to add it to a scarf I am knitting. Actually a scarf is the only thing I know how to knit… and well my knitting needs practice before I try something new. Here are some pictures and you will note that the “avocado” green goes very well with brown…. (No diarrhea scarf for me)
I love this green color and will probably be doing this again. I am lucky that Isabelle is very patient…. that is as long as I figure out something to do with all of the “skinless” onions. (had the same problem with the avocados)
I just re-read that sentence and two things came to mind. First dye and die are awfully close… thank goodness I was not talking about death. Second.. several years ago I would have never guessed I would be fascinated with dyeing wool. This dye fascination (almost fetish) began with one of my first posts on this blog. (see Weekend with the Cochineals) Not only did I find a real joy in crushing beetles I was completely enamored with the wonderful resulting color.
This weekend I revisited two natural dye techniques I had previously tried. I dyed with black beans and red cabbage. In the picture above you can see the color you get when dyeing white wool. This time I decided to try dyeing another color of wool. Instead of starting with white wool I am using gray.
I have read and been warned that natural dye especially red cabbage is not ideal. The color will fade away etc… While all of this is probably true I really don’t care. (Umm don’t read that wrong. I like it when people offer advice. I just like the process more than I care about the end result)
The first step is getting the wool ready to accept the dye. This time I spun it into a single ply yarn than I “mordanted” the wool… yes I know that is probably not a word. Mordanting helps the wool absorb the color. I will quote myself from the first dyeing post instead of writing it out the instructions again. (I know I am being a bit lazy… but I followed the same process)
Mordanting the wool (from the french word mordant… My wife is french but I don’t find here “biting” or caustic… ). This step helps the wool absorb the dye as well as changes the end color… all depending upon what is added. I presoaked the wool (150 grams) for an hour than dissolved 12 grams of Alum and 10 grams of Tartaric Acid in 2 gallons of distilled water (mixed marriages do have their consequences… gallons mixed with grams… sorry). Added the wool (wet) and simmered at 93º F. for an hour. I than removed the wool and let sit overnight to dry.
My first dyeing experience has not yet been replace with a better experience. I loved the resulting color and the idea that it came from a “bug”.
Let me come back to this weekend… (jesh… need to stop living in the past)
Black Bean Instructions:
Black bean dye gives a nice gray blue color when dying white wool. It is also a very easy technique. I added water to dry black beans (2 gallons of distilled water for one large sack of beans) . I don’t believe you can do this with canned beans… in fact I bet that would make a huge mess. (Maybe I will try it) I let this sit 24 hours then removed the beans… (I made refried beans by cooking the beans then adding bacon, onions, and garlic and frying… no wasted food for this dye)
I warmed up the bean water to about 140 and added the yarn. I let this soak for several hours. The first time I let the yarn soak until I got the color I wanted… below is an example of the white wool color.
I really like the blue color from black beans… but the gray wool didn’t take the blue in the same way. I left it in the dye for about 3 hours and It actually turned to a “blackish” color… who would guess black beans making something black.
Later in the post I will show the yarn made from the combination of both but in the above picture you can see how dark the gray became. (I wont lie… I was a bit disappointed)
Red Cabbage Instructions:
Red cabbage is much more fun to play with and you have your choice of colors by changing the acidity of the water.
You cut up the cabbage place it in water and bring it to a boil. The water will be a dark purple… this is the starting color. I recommend doing this with your children or curious spouse (if they are curious… this kind of stresses Isabelle since she knows I can’t help making a mess). You should remove the cabbage if you do not want to waste it. I didn’t think about this until Ben (my 7 year old) asked me what smelt so good…. (weird kid… who thinks cabbage smells good). With cabbage acid takes it to the red hues and base takes it to the blue/green hues. I wanted blue/green so I added baking soda to the water.
I gradually added the backing soda and you can see the blue starting to happen. (I don’t have exact amounts… just play with this). I love the purple blue color. It would make a really interesting yarn if you plied the two colors together… similar color to these cabbage leaves in the above picture.
UMM… Sorry Ben… (who still wanted to eat the cabbage) this is what the cabbage looked like when it was finished cooking in the baking soda water. I didn’t taste it nor did I allow Ben to try the cabbage… although I was kind of tempted. Next time I will take the cabbage out first and will not waste it.
I added the yarn to the cabbage water and let it simmer for two hours (not to hot). The color came to a gray-forest green color. I was not sure that I like this color either. Two fails… hmm… leaves me with only one option… combine the two by plying both colors together. This way it is only one fail or maybe two negatives will make a positive.
Here is the result…kind of a green gray. I am not sure that you can see the color well in the pictures… let me know what you think.
Quick Update (7/4)
I began a new scarf. with this yarn.. (the only thing I know how to knit… need to learn how to knit a sweater… next goal) I think you can see the color better when it is knitted.
Here is one of my all time favorite posts… (from another blogger). It is not just because I am mentioned in the post. This post shows the source of my alpaca scarf… (an alpaca) wearing the scarf made from its fibers!… I love the idea of that. If you haven’t read Claire’s blog I highly recommend it!!!
The wonderful and suitably weird Adam from weirdweekends sent me a scarf.
This is, however no ordinary scarf.
I love the label
Some time ago I sent an alpaca fleece (Inky Dinky Do’s) and a Jacob shearling fleece over to the US as I thought he might like to use them in some of his weekend projects.
All I can say about the scarf is wow. See his blog post here for a summary of the whole process and a list of all the individual posts where he explains how he washed and carded the fleece, then dyed it a variety of colours, spun it, plyed it and even evntually learnt to knit and knitted it.
This scarf is now one of my most treasured possessions not only because it is beautiful and snuggly, but because I know the extent of the journey it has been on – not just crossing…